Monday, July 25, 2011

Lower Natural Beauty Coast Sea Manado Bunaken, North Sulawesi - Indonesia


Bunaken National Park is representative of Indonesian tropical water ecosystems of the mangrove ecosystems, seagrass, coral reefs, and land / coastal ecosystems. In the northern part of Bunaken, Manado Tua island, the island Montehage, Siladen island, the island Nain, Nain Kecil island, and some coastal areas of Cape Pisok. While in the Southern Cape coast includes some coconut.

Potential land islands national park is rich in species of palm, sago, woka, silar and coconut. Animal species that live on land and coastal regions such as Sulawesi black ape (Macaca nigra nigra), deer (Cervus timorensis russa), and possum (Ailurops ursinus ursinus). Plant species in the mangrove forests of Bunaken National Park Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia sp., Lumnitzera sp., And Bruguiera sp. The forest is rich in various kinds of crabs, shrimp, mollusks and various types of sea birds such as seagulls, storks, sea virgin, and Heron sea. Type of algae found in this national park include the type of Caulerpa sp., Halimeda sp., And Padina sp. Seagrass dominated Montehage especially on the island, and the island of Thalassia hemprichii Nain, Enhallus acoroides, and Thalassodendron ciliatum.

Recorded 13 genera of corals living in waters of Bunaken National Park, dominated by the edge of coral reef species and coral reef barrier. The most interesting is the vertical cliffs as far as 25-50 meters. Approximately 91 species of fish found in the waters of Bunaken National Park, including fish gusumi horse (Hippocampus horse), white oci (Seriola rivoliana), yellow tail lolosi (Lutjanus Kasmira), goropa (Pseudanthias Ephinephelus spilotoceps hypselosoma), ila trunk (Scolopsis bilineatus) , and others. Types of mollusks like giant clam (Tridacna gigas), the head of the goat (Cassis cornuta), hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius), and tunikates / ascidian. The best year to visit: May to August each year.

How to reach the location: Bunaken National Park can be achieved through the Port of Kuantan, Marina Nusantara Diving Center (NDC) in District Molas and Blue Banter Marina. From the Port of Kuantan by using a motor boat to the island can be taken Siladen + 20 minutes, the island of Bunaken + 30 minutes, the island Montehage + 50 minutes and +60 minutes Nain island. From Blue Banter Marina with a yacht that is available to the tourist area on Bunaken to within 10-15 minutes, while the port of NDC to dive sites at Bunaken island using speed boat to within + 20 minutes.

Appointed Minister of Forestry, Decree No. 730/Kpts-II/1991
area 89,065 hectares
Defined ---
Location of Minahasa regency and municipality
Manado, North Sulawesi Province
Air temperature 26 ° - 31 ° C
Rainfall from 2500 to 3500 mm / year
Elevation 0 to 800 meters above sea level
Salinity from 33 to 35 ° / OO
Brightness from 10 to 30 m
2.5 meter tidal
November s West season / d in February
East season March to October
The geographical position 1 ° 35 '- 1 ° 49' N, 124 ° 39 '- 124 ° 35' E